Plants should be selected to suit the climate and then grouped together based on soil, sun and water needs.
In our tree canopy, there’s a large gum tree that provides some shade and a flowering gum too. A lemon tree and apple tree form part of a kitchen garden, as does the raised veggie garden pictured on the Veggie Garden stamp. There are various dense shrubs, including Acacia acinacea, which is a nitrogen-fixing wattle species that improves soil quality and attracts pollinating birds and bees, and there are species of Waratah, Grevillea and Westringia.
Groundcover plants help to prevent weed growth and keep moisture in the ground. In this garden scene, there is Dwarf Mondo Grass (Ophiopogon Japonicus) and other native grasses (species of Poa, Danthonia and Themeda). There are pinkish-purple Brachyscome, a genus of native daisy that grows like a carpet along the ground, and a bright yellow Clustered Everlasting (Chrysocephalum semipapposum), both of which attract pollinating birds and insects.
The earthworms that are tunnelling into the ground, burying organic material, cycling nutrients and improving drainage and fertility are a vital part of the soil health of the garden.
Adding organic fertilisers (such as compost, manure or liquid from a worm farm) helps the health of the soil, as long as it’s the right type of fertiliser for each particular plant type. It’s best to avoid digging too much or trampling through garden beds, as this disturbs the soil.