On 5 July 2018, we are releasing a postage prepaid envelope (PPE) to mark the 200th anniversary of the laying the foundation stone (on 9 July 1818) of the Parramatta Female Factory, the first purpose-built female factory in Australia.
The factory, designed by convict architect Francis Greenway, is the earliest surviving convict women’s site in Australia. Around 9,000 of the 24,960 women transported to the Australian colonies were part of the female factory system. More than half of those women were held at Parramatta Female Factory, engaging in work such as weaving, spinning, sewing, washing and rock breaking.
The envelope, designed by John White of the Australia Post Design Studio, features a watercolour of the factory (c. 1826) by Augustus Earle, from the collection of the National Library of Australia. The portraits in the stamp area are of Anne Dunne, Emma Mayner and daughters, and Susannah Watson, provided courtesy of Parramatta Female Factory Friends and descendants of the women.