Overview

Lunar New Year, also called the Spring Festival in China, is the most important of the traditional festivals celebrated by Asian cultures throughout the world, including on Christmas Island. New Year celebrations centre on the family. Incense is burned for ancestors; special food is prepared. Friends visit each other with presents, and cards are exchanged. Gifts of money wrapped in lucky red paper envelopes are distributed.

According to the Chinese lunar calendar, 2020 is the Year of the Rat. The first sign in the Chinese zodiac, the clever and quick-witted Rat is considered a symbol of good luck and wealth.

In 2020, the 12-year Chinese zodiac cycle begins again and so too does our Lunar New Year stamp series. The striking illustrations for the Year of the Rat stamp issue are by Yan Lin, a visual designer based in Sydney. The three stamps in this issue present the Rat as characters from traditional Peking Opera, which has its origins in the mid-Qing dynasty (1636–1912). The characters perform spectacular vocals, mime, dance and acrobatics in beautiful, ornate costumes. The stamps present the principal male role (sheng), the comedy role (chou) and the female role (dan). Performances often take place during Chinese New Year.

Learn more about the designs and the special products released with this issue.

Technical specifications

Issue date
8-January-2020
Issue withdrawal date
31-December-2020
Denomination
$1.10 x 1, $3.30 x 1, $2.50 x 1
Stamp design
Yan Lin
Product design
Sonia Young, Australia Post Design Studio
Paper: gummed
Tullis Russell Red Phos.
Paper: self-adhesive
Tullis Russell 100GM
Printer
RA Printing
Printing process
Offset lithography
Stamp size (mm)
35 x 35
Minisheet size (mm)
170 x 80 (Rhombus perf.)
Zodiac sheet size (mm)
170 x 210 (Rhombus perf.)
Calendar sheet size (mm)
170 diameter
Calendar sheet stamp size (mm)
26 x 25.5
Perforations
14.28 x 14.28
Sheet layout
Module of 50 (UV emboss, design for $1.10)
FDI Postmark
Christmas Island WA 6798
FDI withdrawal date
5-February-2020

Stamps in this issue

$1.10 - Year of the Rat, Sheng

The sheng, or principal male role in Peking Opera, has numerous subtypes, including the laosheng (dignified older man), hongsheng (red-faced older man), xiaosheng (young male) and wusheng (combat roles, including the Monkey King).

$3.30 - Year of the Rat, Chou

Chou is a male comedic role. Chou characters include civilian roles such as merchants and jailers as well as minor military roles. The civilian wuchou role is one of the most demanding because of its combination of comic acting, acrobatics and a strong voice. Chou characters wear special face paint that includes a small patch of white chalk around the nose. The chou character often uses drums, a clapper, small gong and cymbals during the performance.

$2.50 - Year of the Rat, Dan

The dan, or female, role was originally divided into five subtypes. Old women were laodan; martial women were wudan; young female warriors were daomadan; virtuous and elite women were qingyi; and vivacious and unmarried women were huadan. A sixth type, the huashan, was introduced by the famous opera artist Mei Lanfang (1894–1961) and was a combination of the qingyi and huadan.

Shop our stamp collectables

Set of stamps:

Set of Christmas Island Year of the Rat 2020 stamps

This set of stamps contains all three stamps from the Christmas Island Year of the Rat 2020 stamp issue.

Calendar sheetlet pack:

Year of the Rat 2020 Calendar sheetlet pack

The Year of the Rat 2020 Calendar sheetlet pack contains the round Lotus sheetlet, that contains the 12 stamps from the zodiac sheet, and round stamp.

Minisheet:

Christmas Island Year of the Rat 2020 minisheet

The Christmas Island Year of the Rat 2020 minisheet consists of the three stamps from the issue incorporated into a miniature stamp sheet.

Zodiac sheetlet:

Christmas Island Year of the Rat 2020 zodiac sheetlet

The Christmas Island Year of the Rat 2020 zodiac sheetlet consists of the issue minisheet in the top section and a block of 12 stamps in the bottom.

Additional products:

This content was produced at the time of the stamp issue release date and will not be updated.