Overview

The First Cricket Tour: 150 Years stamp issue commemorates the first international cricket tour by a team from Australia, which occurred 150 years ago in 1868. The 1868 tour of England was undertaken by a team of 13 Aboriginal cricketers, most of whom were Jardwadjali, Gunditjmara and Wotjobaluk men from the Western District of Victoria. Many team members had also played in the historic 1866 Boxing Day match between an Aboriginal XI and the Melbourne Cricket Club, held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. The enthusiastic reception to this match inspired the idea of a tour of England, backed by private financiers.

English professional cricketer Charles Lawrence, who was in Australia working as a professional coach for the New South Wales cricket team, was asked to captain and coach a touring team (after an earlier attempt at a tour had failed).

The Aboriginal players had been taught cricket on the various pastoral stations on which they lived and worked. In the 1860s, Aboriginal people began to participate in the increasingly popular sport of cricket. A cricket club was formed at Edenhope, Victoria in the early 1860s, and it was at Edenhope that the 1868 team practised prior to the tour. After some further practice matches in Victoria, the team boarded a ship at Queenscliff, in secret, and travelled on to England. There had been opposition to the tour by the Central Board for the Protection of Aborigines.

After arriving in England, the Aboriginal XI proceeded to play 47 matches against county and local teams, between May and October 1868, including a match on the hallowed turf at Lord’s. Impressively, the Australian team won 14, drew 19 and lost 14 of their matches. The schedule, however, was unrelenting. King Cole (Bripumyarrimin) contracted a fatal case of tuberculosis during the tour, and Sundown (Ballrinjarrimin) and Jim Crow (Lytejerbillijun) returned home soon after. This made the achievement of the remaining 11 (pictured on the stamp) even more remarkable, continuing to perform despite their fatigue.

These players were true pioneers, paving the way for the first Australian representative tour to England, which occurred some ten years later in 1878, as well as the first Test match against England, in 1880. In 2002, the Aboriginal XI was posthumously recognised in the Sport Australia Hall of Fame as the first cricket team from Australia to tour England. In 2004, each player was assigned an official Cricket Australia number “… to recognise their place in Australia’s cricketing history.”

A men's and women's Aboriginal XI squads will undertake a commemorative tour of England in June 2018, to honour and celebrate the 150th anniversary of the 1868 tour.

Learn more about the tour, including a full player listing and interviews with players’ descendants, in our blog article.

Designer

Phil Ellett, Creative Ethos

Products released in this issue

  • Sheetlet pack
  • First day cover (blank, gummed)
  • Maxicard
  • Sheetlet of 10

Technical specifications

Issue date
1 May 2018
Issue withdrawal date
30 November 2018
Denominations
1 x $1
Stamp design
Phil Ellett, Creative Ethos
Product design
Jo Mure
Printer
EGO
Paper - gummed
Tullis Russell Red Phosphor
Printing process
Offset lithography
Stamp size
37.5mm x 26mm
Perforations
13.86 x 14.6
Sheet layout
Sheetlet of 10
FDI postmark
Edenhope VIC 3318
FDI withdrawal date
30 May 2018

Postmark design

The postmark design is a reproduction of the artwork Walkabout Wickets by Fiona Clarke, a Kirrae Whurrong artist from Warrnambool. Fiona is a descendant of James “Mosquito” Couzens (Grougarrong), who played in the Aboriginal XI of 1866 and 1868. Fiona produced Walkabout Wickets for Cricket Australia, as part of 2016 celebrations held at the MCG in honour of the 1866 Aboriginal XI that played against the Melbourne Cricket Club, and the 1868 team that went to England.Learn more about the artwork and the artist in our blog article.

Stamps in this issue

$1 The First Cricket Tour: Aboriginal XI, England, 1868

The stamp design, by Phil Ellett of Creative Ethos, incorporates player portraits from one of the few remaining photos of the Aboriginal XI taken while on tour in 1868, from the collection of the National Library of Australia. The portrait is of the team (minus King Cole, Sundown and Jim Crow), in July 1868, along with their manager. In the background of the design is a fence typical of those that existed at sporting fields at the time, taken from a photograph of the Lord’s ground in England. Many matches during this era, however, were played on unused fields, rather than dedicated sporting grounds.


This content was produced at the time of the stamp issue release date and will not be updated.